Fiches de cours

Fracture of materials


Enseignant(s) :

Plummer John Christopher




This course covers elementary fracture mechanics and its application to the fracture of engineering materials.


The ideal strength, stress concentration factors, Griffith's (thermodynamic) analysis of fracture; G and R

Irwin's analysis; the stress intensity factor K, equivalence between Irwin's and Griffith's approaches to LEFM

Brittle fracture, Weibull statistics, subcritical crack growth in brittle solids

Influence of crack tip plasticity: small scale yielding, embrittlement of metallic materials, large scale yielding: COD and J-integral approaches, cohesive zones, R-curve behavior and its consequences for the onset of crack instability

Cyclic loading: parameters and cyclic plasticity; crack nucleation, crack growth, fracture mechanics applied to fatigue; Paris's law, damage tolerant design, crack tip plasticity under cyclic loading

Overview of testing methods for fracture toughness and fatigue crack growth

Large-strain ductile failure and the limitations of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics: the essential work of fracture (EWF): fracture of hyper-elastic materials and very soft materials

Kinetic and dynamic effects in fracture, rapid crack propagation (RCP) and crack arrest: high-speed fracture testing

Time-dependent fracture: viscoelastic fracture mechanics: special case of creep facture: slow crack growth in polymers under long-term static and dynamic loading: stress-corrosion cracking: thermal fatigue.

Fracture in highly heterogeneous and highly anisotropic media: bi-materials interfaces: specific test methods for rigid, viscoelastic and hyper-elastic substrates: testing of soft adhesives. 

Learning Prerequisites

Required courses

Continuum mechanics, MSE-203, MX, Drezet

Materials mechanics, MSE-205, MX, Bourban

Deformation of materials, MSE-310, MX, Logé

Recommended courses

Surfaces and interfaces, MSE-304, MX, Ceriotti  

Building materials + Laboratory work, MSE-322, MX, Boehm Courjault Scrivener Sofia  

Ceramics, structures and properties + TP, MSE-231, MX, Damjanovic Stolichnov  

Metals and alloys + Laboratory Work, MSE-236, MX, Drezet Weber  

Composites technology, MSE-440, MX, Bourban Michaud  

Materials selection, MSE-474, MX, Michler Siegmannm Vaucher

Polymères, structures, propriétés, MSE-230, MX, Plummer

Learning Outcomes

By the end of the course, the student must be able to:

Transversal skills

Expected student activities

Attendance at lectures, completion of exercices

Assessment methods

Written exam


Office hours Yes



T.L. Anderson, Fracture Mechanics - Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd Ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA, 1995.

J.M. Barsom et S.T. Rolfe, Fracture and Fatigue Control in Structures, 3rd Ed., ASTM/ButterworthHeinemann, 1999.

D. Broek, Elementary Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Martinus Nijhoff, Kluwer, Dordrecht NL, 1986.

T.H. Courtney, Mechanical Behavior of Materials, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990.

G.E Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, 1986.

H.L. Ewalds & R.J.H. Wanhill, Fracture Mechanics, Edward Arnold, London, 1985, pp. 12 à 21, 28 à 55, 75 à 82.

D. François, A. Pineau et A. Zaoui, Comportement Mécanique des Matériaux, Volume  2 Hermès, Paris, 1993.

K. Friedrich, Application of Fracture Mechanics to Composite Materials, Elsevier 1989.

D.J. Green, an Introduction to the Mechanical Properties of Ceramics, Cambridge University Press, 1998.

R.W. Hertzberg, Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, 3rd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1989, pp. 237 à 246, 271 à 291.

J.W. Hutchinson, Non Linear Fracture Mechanics, Dept. of Solid Mechanics, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 1979 (reprinted 1989).

M. Janssen, J. Zuidema et & R.J.H. Fracture Mechanics, 2nd Ed., Spon Press, Taylor and Francis Group, London & New York, 2004.

M.F. Kanninen et C.H. Popelar, Advanced Fracture Mechanics, Oxford Eng. Sci. Series, Oxford, UK, 1985.

A. Kelly and N.H. MacMillan, Strong Solids, 3rd Ed., Oxford Science, Oxford UK, 1986.

A.J. Kinloch, Adhesion and Adhesives, Springer Science and Business Media, 2012

B. Lawn, Fracture of Brittle Solids, 2nd Ed., Cambridge University Press, 1993.

M.A. Meyers and K.K. Chawla, Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Cambridge University Press, 2009.

D.R. Moore, J.G. Williams and A. Pavan, Fracture Mechanics Testing Methods for Polymers, Adhesives and Composites, Elsevier, 2001.

J.B. Wachtman, Mechanical Properties of Ceramics, J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 1996.

I.M Ward and J. Sweeney, Mechanical Properties of Solid Polymers, 3rd Edition, Wiley, 2012.

J.G. Williams, Fracture mechanics of polymers, Halstead Press, New York, 1984.

Ressources en bibliothèque

Dans les plans d'études

Semaine de référence

13-14 MXF1   
      Exercice, TP
      Projet, autre


  • Semestre d'automne
  • Session d'hiver
  • Semestre de printemps
  • Session d'été
  • Cours en français
  • Cours en anglais
  • Cours en allemand