ENV-406 / 4 credits

Teacher(s): Meibom Anders, Adams Arthur

Language: English

Withdrawal: It is not allowed to withdraw from this subject after the registration deadline.


Summary

Understanding process and role of biomineralization (minerals formed by living organisms) in context of Earth's evolution,global chemical cycles, climatic changes and remediation.

Content

Keywords

General principles of biomineralization - controlled versus induced, properties, diversity

The origin of Biomineralization

Large scale biomineralization patterns through Earth history

Present day pattern of biomineralization

Biomineralization and global elemental cycles

Biomineralization and global environmental change (e.g. ocean acidification)

Biominerals as proxies for past environmental change

Carbonate biomineralization processes for specific organisms: corals, sponges, foraminifera

Silicon biomineralization

Biomineralization by bacteria and environmental applications

Bones and teeth and their applications to describe environmental conditions.

Learning Prerequisites

Required courses

Basic courses in mathematics, physics, chemistry and geology.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of the course, the student must be able to:

  • Assess / Evaluate literature on biomineralization
  • Choose a topic within the context provided by the lectures
  • Compose a written review of the selected literature
  • Defend the written text with an oral presentation

Transversal skills

  • Summarize an article or a technical report.
  • Access and evaluate appropriate sources of information.
  • Make an oral presentation.
  • Write a literature review which assesses the state of the art.

Teaching methods

The class will consist of lectures given by international experts in topics related to biomineralization.

Students will prepare presentations of specific topics/papers for discussing

Expected student activities

Students will attend lectures and lab classes and participate in discussions.

Students will write a project on a topic chosen in collaboration with the teachers and present the project at the end of the semester.

Assessment methods

Students will be evaluated for their written report (75%) and its presentation (25%).

Resources

Bibliography

Lectures notes, papers, and presentations to be handed out by the teacher(s).

Références suggérées par la bibliothèque

In the programs

  • Semester: Fall
  • Exam form: During the semester (winter session)
  • Subject examined: Biomineralization: from nature to application
  • Lecture: 2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
  • Project: 1 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
  • Semester: Fall
  • Exam form: During the semester (winter session)
  • Subject examined: Biomineralization: from nature to application
  • Lecture: 2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
  • Project: 1 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
  • Semester: Fall
  • Exam form: During the semester (winter session)
  • Subject examined: Biomineralization: from nature to application
  • Lecture: 2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
  • Project: 1 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks

Reference week

 MoTuWeThFr
8-9     
9-10     
10-11     
11-12     
12-13     
13-14  GRA330  
14-15    
15-16  GRA330  
16-17     
17-18     
18-19     
19-20     
20-21     
21-22     

Wednesday, 13h - 15h: Lecture GRA330

Wednesday, 15h - 16h: Project, other GRA330