Fiches de cours 2017-2018

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Introduction to medical radiation physics

PHYS-455

Enseignant(s) :

Bochud François
Verdun Francis

Langue:

English

Summary

This course covers the physical principles underlying medical imaging using ionizing radiation (radiography, fluoroscopy, CT, SPECT, PET). The focus is not only on risk and dose to the patient and staff, but also on an objective description of the image quality.

Content

Physics of radiography x-ray device, x-ray spectra, main image receptors

Image quality main challenge, signal theory, decision theory

Physics of radiation therapy epidemiological data about cancer, general workflow, beam production and characterization, dose calculation, dose distribution, high-level treatment techniques

Radiopharmaceutical products types of radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine, lab infrastructure, labeling approaches, thin layer chromatography

Physics of radioscopy radiography and fluoroscopy units, challenges of radiation protection, dose indicators

Physics of mammography mammography and radiography units, K-edge filter, 3D images

Physics of computer tomography (CT) principle of CT image acquisition, image quality, DECT

Physics of resonance magnetic imaging (MRI) MRI acquisition, proton density, localization of the signal

Physics of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) gamma camera imaging, resolution and sensitivity, quantitative imaging

Physics of positron emission tomography (PET) coincidence detection, time-of-flight systems, resolution and sensitivity, quantitative imaging

Dose to the patient general method, dose estimation in radiodiagnostic, dose estimation in internal contamination

Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) meaning of a ROC curve, detection experiment, performance communication

Model observers in medical imaging and human vision objective image quality, ideal and anthropomorphic observers, visual pathway, perception of a signal

Keywords

medical imaging, medical radiation

Learning Prerequisites

Recommended courses

This course has many synergies with the Radiation biology, protection and applications course where the basics of radiation physics and some aspects of radiation protection are very useful to follow the present course.

Teaching methods

Ex-cathedra with integrated individual exercises

Assessment methods

oral exam

Resources

Bibliography

Course in general

' William R. Hendee and E. Russell Ritenour, "Medical Imaging Physics",
Wiley-Liss, 4th edition, 2002
' The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging, Third Edition, Jerrold T. Bushberg

Dans les plans d'études

  • Génie nucléaire, 2017-2018, Master semestre 1
    • Semestre
      Automne
    • Forme de l'examen
      Oral
    • Crédits
      4
    • Matière examinée
      Introduction to medical radiation physics
    • Cours
      2 Heure(s) hebdo x 14 semaines
    • Exercices
      1 Heure(s) hebdo x 14 semaines

Semaine de référence

LuMaMeJeVe
8-9
9-10 CM1113
10-11
11-12 CM1113
12-13
13-14
14-15
15-16
16-17
17-18
18-19
19-20
20-21
21-22
Cours
Exercice, TP
Projet, autre

légende

  • Semestre d'automne
  • Session d'hiver
  • Semestre de printemps
  • Session d'été
  • Cours en français
  • Cours en anglais
  • Cours en allemand