Fiches de cours 2017-2018

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Fundamentals of biomedical imaging

PHYS-438

Lecturer(s) :

Gruetter Rolf

Language:

English

Summary

The goal of this course is to illustrate how modern principles of basic science approaches are integrated into the major biomedical imaging modalities of importance to biology and medicine, with an emphasis on those of interest to in vivo.

Content

1. Introduction to the course, importance and essential elements of bioimaging - lab visit of CIBM
2. Ultrasound imaging; ionizing radiation and its generation
3. X-ray imaging - when the photon bumps into living tissue, radioprotection primer
4. Computed tomography - From projection to image
5. Emission tomography - what are tracers and how to "trace" them in your body, x-ray detection, scintillation principle
6. Positron emission tomography (PET) - imaging anti-matter annihilation
7. Tracer kinetics - modeling of imaging data
8. Introduction to biological magnetic resonance (MR) - Boltzmann distribution, from spins to magnetization
9. Excitation of spins, Relaxation, the Basis of MR contrast (The Bloch Equations)
10. MR spectroscopy: In vivo Biochemistry, without chemistry ...
11. From Fourier to image: Principles of MR image formation, k-space - echo formation
12. Basic MRI contrast mechanisms, BOLD fMRI, contrast agents
13. Spin gymnastics: Imaging Einstein's random walk - fiber tracking. Overview of imaging modalities treated in this course

Keywords

Ultrasound

MRI

PET

SPECT

CT

Radioprotection

Learning Prerequisites

Recommended courses

General Physics I-III

Important concepts to start the course

Fourier transformation

Learning Outcomes

By the end of the course, the student must be able to:

Transversal skills

Teaching methods

Ex cathedra with experimental demos.

Expected student activities

strong participation in course and exercices.

Assessment methods

a written exam

Supervision

Office hours Yes
Assistants Yes

Resources

Bibliography

"Introduction to biomedical imaging / Andrew Webb". Année:2003. ISBN:0-471-23766-3

Ressources en bibliothèque
Websites
Moodle Link
Videos

In the programs

Reference week

 MoTuWeThFr
8-9     
9-10     
10-11     
11-12     
12-13     
13-14     
14-15     
15-16     
16-17     
17-18     
18-19     
19-20     
20-21     
21-22     
Under construction
 
      Lecture
      Exercise, TP
      Project, other

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  • Autumn semester
  • Winter sessions
  • Spring semester
  • Summer sessions
  • Lecture in French
  • Lecture in English
  • Lecture in German