Coursebooks 2017-2018

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Quantum electrodynamics and quantum optics

PHYS-453

Lecturer(s) :

Dupertuis Marc-André

Language:

English

Summary

This course on one hand develops the quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation from the principles of quantum electrodynamics. On the other hand it explores the main consequences of light-matter interaction in applications like optical spectroscopies and devices.

Content

1. Introduction to quantum optics
From Einstein to our days : a historical perspective.

 

2. Classical and quantum fields
Quantization of the radiation field in Coulomb gauge. Summary of second quantization formalism for fermions. Particular quantum states of radiation (Fock states, coherent states, thermal mixture, squeezed states)

 


3. Semi-classical theory of the light-matter interaction : optical resonances and non-linearities, the laser
Dynamics of the light-matter interaction. Optical Bloch equations. Classification of optical non-linearities. The laser equations. Static and dynamical phenomena.

 

4. Classical and quantum noise, quantum theory of measurement, quantum correlations
Correlation functions of the radiation field and coherence. Quantum theory of measurement and photodetection. Interferometry and correlation functions. Entangled states of the electromagnetic field. Quantum spectroscopies

Learning Prerequisites

Recommended courses

Quantum physics

Learning Outcomes

By the end of the course, the student must be able to:

Teaching methods

Ex cathedra with exercises, presentation of scientific articles by the students

Assessment methods

oral (75%), presentation and discussion of a scientific article in a team of two (25%)

In the programs

Reference week

 MoTuWeThFr
8-9     
9-10     
10-11     
11-12     
12-13     
13-14     
14-15  PHH331  
15-16    
16-17   PHH333 
17-18    
18-19     
19-20     
20-21     
21-22     
 
      Lecture
      Exercise, TP
      Project, other

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  • Autumn semester
  • Winter sessions
  • Spring semester
  • Summer sessions
  • Lecture in French
  • Lecture in English
  • Lecture in German