Coursebooks

Caution, these contents corresponds to the coursebooks of last year


Process intensification and green chemistry

ChE-408

Lecturer(s) :

Randall Harvey

Language:

English

Summary

The first part of the course (~20%) is devoted to green chemistry and life cycle assessment. The remainder focuses on process intensification (fundamentals, detailed description of a few selected technologies, with a special focus on microreactors). Examples and exercises are included.

Content

Elements of Green Chemistry

Survey of the chemical industry; green chemistry basics; green metrics (atom economy, reaction mass efficiency, atom efficiency, effective mass yield, carbon efficiency, process mass intensity, energy intensity); industrial examples (phenol and Carbaryl production); green engineering principles

Essentials of Life Cycle Assessment

LCA aims and methodology; LCA metrics (impact categories); example: dimethyl carbonate production

Modular Plants

General description and advantages; financial aspects; example

Process Intensification

General principles and benefits; description of selected process intensification technologies (rotating packed beds, thin-film and rotor-stator spinning-disc reactors, oscillatory baffled reactors / crystallizers); moving from batch to continuous

Miniaturization

Characteristic process times; coupling of physico-chemical phenomena; effect of scale on process parameters

Effect of Mixing on Chemical Reactions

Macro-, meso- and micro-mixing; segregation; effect of total segregation on reactor performance; effect of partial segregation on reactor performance and selectivity; experimental mixing time characterization via physical and chemical methods

Mixing in Microchannels

Flow regimes in microchannels; mixing by pure diffusion; mixing time for laminar mixing in a shear field

Microreactors

Overview and benefits; passive micromixers (parallel lamination, serial lamination, chaotic mixers and segmented flow): flow regimes, mixing principles & examples; active micromixers (pressure disturbance, electrokinetic); commercial systems; industrial examples

RTD in microreactors

Microchannels; fixed-beds; static mixers; coiled tubes and flow inverters; segmented flow

Heat management in micro- and milli-reactors

Heat transfer in various geometries; thermal sensitivity; multipoint injection

Elements of photochemical reaction engineering

 

Keywords

Green chemistry and engineering, life cycle assessment, process intensification, micro-structured reactors

Learning Prerequisites

Required courses

Transport phenomena

Chemical kinetics

Thermodynamics

Chemical reaction engineering

Thermal safety of chemical processes

Separation processes

Learning Outcomes

By the end of the course, the student must be able to:

Teaching methods

ex-cathedra with integrated exercise sessions

Expected student activities

Take notes during lectures

Participate to exercise sessions

Assessment methods

One final exam (written)

Resources

Bibliography

'Hessel, V., A. Renken, J.C. Schouten and J.-I. Yoshida (eds.). Micro Process Engineering'A Comprehensive Handbook. 2009. Wiley-VCH.

'Poux, M., P. Cognet and C. Gourdon. Green Process Engineering
From Concepts to Industrial Applications. 2015. CRC Press.

'Boodhoo, K. and A. Harvey. Process Intensification for Green Chemistry: Engineering Solutions for Sustainable Chemical Processing. 2013. John Wiley & Sons Inc.

'Kashid, M., A. Renken and L. Kiwi-Minsker. Microstructured Devices for Chemical Processing. 2015. Wiley-VCH.

'Poux, M., P. Cognet and C. Gourdon. Green Process Engineering. 2015. CRC Press.

'Hessel, V., Kralisch, D. and N. Kockmann. Novel Process Windows, 2015. Wiley.

'Cavani, F., G. Centi, S. Perathoner, F. Trifiro, Sustainable Industrial Processes. Sustainable Industrial Chemistry, 2009, Wiley-VCH.

Ressources en bibliothèque
Notes/Handbook

Slides in moodle

In the programs

Reference week

 MoTuWeThFr
8-9     
9-10     
10-11     
11-12     
12-13     
13-14     
14-15     
15-16     
16-17     
17-18     
18-19     
19-20     
20-21     
21-22     
Under construction
 
      Lecture
      Exercise, TP
      Project, other

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  • Autumn semester
  • Winter sessions
  • Spring semester
  • Summer sessions
  • Lecture in French
  • Lecture in English
  • Lecture in German