Coursebooks 2017-2018

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General chemistry (English)

CH-161(en)

Lecturer(s) :

Osterwalder Andreas
Terrettaz Samuel

Language:

English

Summary

This course aims at the acquisition of essential notions on the structure of matter, chemical equilibria and reactivity. Theoretical teaching and exercise provide the methodology to analyze and solve by reasoning and calculation novel problems of general chemistry.

Content

1. Atomic theory : Electronic structure of atoms, atomic orbitals, spectroscopy, the periodic table

2. Chemical bonding : Lewis dot structures, octet rule, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond energy, VSEPR model, geometry of molecules, molecular orbitals, dipolar moment, van der Waals and London forces, intermolecular bonds.

3. Chemical quantities : Atomic/molecular mass, isotopes, notion of mole, chemical formulas, concentrations.

4. Chemical reactions and stœchiometry : Chemical equations, limiting reactant, electrolytes, ideal gas law, partial pressures.

5. Thermochemistry : Internal energy, first principle of thermodynamics, enthalpy of physical and chemical transformations, entropy, second principle, Gibbs free energy.

6. Chemical equilibria : Gibbs free energy in a mixture, chemical potential and activity, reaction quotient, equilibrium constant, influence of reactions parameters on equilibria.

7. Properties of solutions : Dissolution and solvation, solubility of solids, Raoult's and Henry's laws, colligative properties of solution (boiling point elevation, freezing point depression, osmotic pressure).

8. Proton transfer : Acid-base equilibria: Brønsted-Lowry theory, acid-base couples, ionization constant, pH scale, calculation of pH values, acid-base titration.

9. Electron transfer : Electrochemistry: Balancing redox equations, electrochemical cells, standard potentials, batteries and rechargeable cells, Nernst's equation, corrosion, Faraday's law, electrolysis.

10. Chemical kinetics : Reaction rate, rate law, molecularity and reaction order, activated complex theory, Arrhenius' law, catalysis.

Keywords

Electronic structure of atoms, chemical bonds, stoechiometry, thermochemistry, thermodynamic equilibria, acids and bases, redox processes, chemical kinetics

Learning Outcomes

By the end of the course, the student must be able to:

Teaching methods

Course with exercises

Assessment methods

Written exam

Supervision

Assistants Yes

Resources

Bibliography

Chimie générale pour ingénieur; C. Friedli; Presses Polytechniques et universitaires romandes

Chimie générale: Peter Atkins; Inter Editions

Exercices de chimie générale; Ch. Comninellis, C. Friedli, A. Sahil Migirdicyan; 3ème édition; Presses Polytechniques et universitaires romandes

Ressources en bibliothèque

In the programs

Reference week

 MoTuWeThFr
8-9     
9-10     
10-11     
11-12     
12-13     
13-14     
14-15     
15-16     
16-17     
17-18     
18-19     
19-20     
20-21     
21-22     
Under construction
 
      Lecture
      Exercise, TP
      Project, other

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  • Autumn semester
  • Winter sessions
  • Spring semester
  • Summer sessions
  • Lecture in French
  • Lecture in English
  • Lecture in German