Coursebooks

Fluid mechanics and transport phenomena

Sivula Kevin

English

Summary

The concept of Shell balances, the Navier-Stokes equations and generalized differential balances equations for heat and mass transport are given. These relations are applied to model systems. Integral balances are introduced in the context of boundary layers and transfer coefficients.

Content

- Equations for molecular flow: material (Fick's law); heat (Fourier's law); momentum (Newton's law).

- Analogy between the three types of transfer (linked by their diffusivities).

- Non-Newtonian fluids (Bingham and Ostwald models, thixotropic and rheopectic fluids).

- Differential and integral mass balance.

- Derivation and application of the continuity equation.

- Integral and differential momentum balance.

- The Navier-Stokes equation (analytical solution for simple systems).

- The perfect fluid: Euler and Bernoulli equations, validity domain.

- Pressure drop in a complex flow circuit. Use of the Moody diagram.

- Momentum, heat and mass transfer in multiple variables systems (solving partial differential equations).

Keywords

Transport phenomena, Continuity equation, Navier-Stokes equation, Shell balance, Euler and Bernoulli equations, transfer in a system with multiple variables, transfer coefficent.

Learning Prerequisites

Required courses

ChE 201 Introduction to Chemical Engineering

ChE 204 Introduction to transport phenomena

Basic knowledge of mass and energy balances and the three fundamental laws of transport phenomina (Fick's law, Fourier's law, and Newton's law) are needed.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of the course, the student must be able to:
• Analyze engineering problems involving transfer phenomena
• Construct Shell balances for transport problems
• Deduce the initial and boundary conditions for an analytical solution of differential equations
• Produce analytical solutions to partial differential equations
• Estimate transfer coefficients using boundary layer theory

Teaching methods

Lectures with exercises

Expected student activities

Solution of exercices

Assessment methods

Continuous control

Two written tests during the semester

Resources

Bibliography

Transport Phenomena (second Edition); R. B. Bird; W.E. Stewart; E.N. Lightfoot. John Wiley and Sons, Inc (2002)

In the programs

• Semester
Fall
• Exam form
During the semester
• Credits
3
• Subject examined
Fluid mechanics and transport phenomena
• Lecture
2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
• Exercises
2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
• Passerelle HES - CGC, 2018-2019, Autumn semester
• Semester
Fall
• Exam form
During the semester
• Credits
3
• Subject examined
Fluid mechanics and transport phenomena
• Lecture
2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
• Exercises
2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
• Semester
Fall
• Exam form
During the semester
• Credits
3
• Subject examined
Fluid mechanics and transport phenomena
• Lecture
2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks
• Exercises
2 Hour(s) per week x 14 weeks

Reference week

MoTuWeThFr
8-9
9-10
10-11
11-12
12-13
13-14
14-15
15-16
16-17
17-18
18-19
19-20
20-21
21-22
Under construction

Lecture
Exercise, TP
Project, other

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• Autumn semester
• Winter sessions
• Spring semester
• Summer sessions
• Lecture in French
• Lecture in English
• Lecture in German