Coursebooks 2017-2018

PDF
 

Engineering of musculoskeletal system and rehabilitation

BIO-687

Lecturer(s) :

Aminian Kamiar
Pioletti Dominique
Terrier Alexandre
Various lecturers

Language:

English

Frequency

Every 2 years

Remarque

Next time Fall 2017

Summary

This course presents today research questions and methods associated to the musculoskeletal system, its pathologies, and treatement. In paralell to lectures and hands-on lab, the students will acquire this knowledge by doing a mini-project.

Content

The course is divided in 5 modules given in the format of lectures, plus one morning in the hospital to attend a surgery. The first module includes theoretical background on biomechanics of musculoskeletal system and the analysis of movement. Three modules are related to a specific joint, and one module is devoted to tissue engineering. There will be a final presentation of the student mini-projects. Lectures from both engineering and medical points of view will be presented.

1. General concept of musculoskeletal system biomechanics and locomotion.

1.1 Introduction to biomechanics, conservation laws + constitutive equations

1.2 General numerical concepts (FE, µFE)

1.3 Kinematics and locomotion evaluation

2. Hip/knee

2.1 Knee and hip arthritis, ligament ruptures, knee/hip implant, ligament surgery

2.2 Knee, hip, ligament modeling, patient specific model, implant design comparison

2.3 Bone remodeling, local drug delivery (mCT & mFE)

2.4 3D gait analysis using kinematics and spatio-temporal parameters

2.5 Manufacturing aspects

3. Shoulder

3.1 Shoulder anatomy, diseases, surgical treatments

3.2 CT & MR images for FE modeling

3.3 3D functional evaluations with functional test and long-term monitoring

4. Tissue engineering

4.1 Biomechanics in tissue engineering

4.2 Bone and cartilage tissue engineering

5. Ankle

5.1 Ankle anatomy, diseases, surgical treatments

5.2 FE modeling, experimental (cadaveric) data to validate FE, revision prostheses

5.3 3D gait analysis with ground reaction force and inverse dynamics

6. Possibility to attend a total joint replacement surgery

7. Project presentations with all students

Note

This course will address clinical and translational aspects of biomechanical engineering by using new technologies and methodologies. It will bring together biomechanical engineers, orthopedics surgeons and physical therapists, in order to present the state of the art in musculoskeletal system biomechanics and rehabilitation. Based on theoretical biomechanical descriptions and the underlying methodologies, the course will focus on the evaluation of joint function, the design of joint implant and the corresponding surgical techniques, the development of new bioengineering solutions, to induce bone and tissue formation, the analysis of the locomotion, the evaluation of functional performance, and the restoration of healthy movement.

The course will have a clear inter-disciplinarily concept to help students understanding the translational aspect of this field, by including lectures from medical doctors, surgeons and orthopedics implant producer industries.

The course will last for one full semester and will feature a number of different activities:

' Lectures: sessions will cover engineering, medical and clinical aspects as well as discussions around various research themes. Sessions will include in'depth talks and theoretical lectures on the biomechanics, pathologies, treatment and outcome evaluation of musculoskeletal system. A Q&A discussion will follow each of these sessions.

' Hands'on labs: the course will integrate several lab sessions, which will provide hands'on experience on instrumentation and equipment covering the lecture topics.

' Hospital visits: the course will include hospital visits with the possibility to follows real orthopedic surgery and to understand the real use of techniques in hospital

' Mini-project: different subjects will be proposed and in a team of two, a mini-project including the concepts developed during the course will be performed

The evaluation will be done through an oral presentation and evaluation of the mini-project including a discussion on the topics presented during the course.

Maximum 12 participants

In the programs

  • Biotechnology and Bioengineering (edoc), 2017-2018
    • Semester
    • Exam form
      Multiple
    • Credits
      3
    • Subject examined
      Engineering of musculoskeletal system and rehabilitation
    • Lecture
      28 Hour(s)
    • Practical work
      14 Hour(s)
  • Mechanics (edoc), 2017-2018
    • Semester
    • Exam form
      Multiple
    • Credits
      3
    • Subject examined
      Engineering of musculoskeletal system and rehabilitation
    • Lecture
      28 Hour(s)
    • Practical work
      14 Hour(s)

Reference week

Lecture
Exercise, TP
Project, other

legend

  • Autumn semester
  • Winter sessions
  • Spring semester
  • Summer sessions
  • Lecture in French
  • Lecture in English
  • Lecture in German